By Miklós Rédei, Michael Stöltzner
John von Neumann (1903-1957) used to be surely one of many clinical geniuses of the 20 th century. the most fields to which he contributed comprise numerous disciplines of natural and utilized arithmetic, mathematical and theoretical physics, common sense, theoretical desktop technology, and desktop structure. Von Neumann was once additionally actively eager about politics and technology administration and he had a significant influence on US executive judgements in the course of, and particularly after, the second one international struggle.
There exist a number of renowned books on his character and diverse collections concentrating on his achievements in arithmetic, computing device technology, and financial system. surprisingly adequate, thus far no exact appraisal of his seminal contributions to the mathematical foundations of quantum physics has seemed. Von Neumann's conception of size and his critique of hidden variables turned the touchstone of such a lot debates within the foundations of quantum mechanics. this present day, his identify additionally figures such a lot prominently within the mathematically rigorous branches of modern quantum mechanics of enormous platforms and quantum box conception. and at last - as considered one of his final lectures, released in this quantity for the 1st time, indicates - he thought of the relation of quantum good judgment and quantum mechanical likelihood as his most crucial challenge for the second one 1/2 the 20th century.
the current quantity embraces either old and systematic analyses of his technique of mathematical physics, and of a number of the points of his paintings within the foundations of quantum physics, reminiscent of concept of dimension, quantum common sense, and quantum mechanical entropy. the quantity is rounded off by way of formerly unpublished letters and lectures documenting von Neumann's pondering quantum conception after his 1932 Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.
the overall a part of the Yearbook includes papers rising from the Institute's annual lecture sequence and stories of vital guides of philosophy of technological know-how and its historical past.