By Yasushi Kondo
Business ecology (IE) is a speedily starting to be scienti?c self-discipline that's involved in the sustainability of commercial platforms lower than specific attention of its int- dependence with common platforms. in recent times, there was an ever-increasing know-how concerning the applicability of Input-Output research (IOA) to IE, particularly to LCA (life cycle evaluation) and MFA (material ?ow analysis). this is often witnessed within the turning out to be variety of papers at ISIE (International Society for business Ec- ogy) meetings, which use IOA, and in addition through the installment of topic editors on IOA within the overseas magazine of lifestyles Cycle review. it may be stated that IE has develop into an enormous ?eld of software for IOA. The broadening of clients of IOA from a number of backgrounds implies a necessity for a self-contained textbook on IOA that could meet the wishes of scholars and practitioners with out compromising on simple c- cepts and the newest advancements. This booklet was once written with the purpose of ?lling this want, and is basically addressed to scholars and practitioners of IE. because the identify indicates, the middle contents of the booklet have grown out of our learn in IOA of waste administration concerns over the past decade. now we have been enthusiastic about the flexible nature of IOA in regards to numerous technical problems with waste m- agement specifically, and to IE quite often. For us (both economists by means of training), IOA has grew to become out to be tremendous valuable in setting up efficient communi- tion with scientists and engineers drawn to IE.